雅思PTE写作素材积累–人工智能的优点和缺点,

上周,AlphaGo赢了世界顶级的Go player,Lee Sedol,接踵而来的是人们的探讨,究竟人工智能会给我们的生活带来怎样的变化?或者说人工智能有什么优缺点?今天结合雅思写作人工智能话题,墨尔本文波雅思PTE的小编给大家讲讲一些pros and cons of artificial intelligence。

 

首先,小编要告诉大家如何给intelligence和human intelligence下定义。

Intelligence is best defined as the ability of an individual to adapt his/her behavior to new circumstances. Human intelligence is not a single ability but is rather a composition of abilities like learning, reasoning, problem solving, perception, and understanding of language.

 

AI的研究者希望研究出像人类一样有认知,学习和质疑能力的智能机器。

AI researchers hope to develop intelligent machines, which can perceive, learn and reason like humans. General intelligence is their long-term goal. By general intelligence they mean to incorporate other aspects like social intelligence, judgment, common sense, robotics, and self-awareness into machines. Researchers dream of bringing into machines, factors such as wisdom and the ability to feel, which only humans possess.

 

那artificial intelligence有什么好处呢?

Pros

首先,AI能够极大地降低错误率和提高精确度。

▸ With artificial intelligence, the chances of error are almost nil and greater precision and accuracy is achieved.

 

AI能够被应用于太空探索。能想到这个优点小编还真无可置疑呢,毕竟人类失去了氧气也就没有办法活了。

▸ Artificial intelligence finds applications in space exploration. Intelligent robots can be used to explore space. They are machines and hence have the ability to endure the hostile environment of the interplanetary space. They can be made to adapt in such a way that planetary atmospheres do not affect their physical state and functioning.

 

在地球上AI也能到达一些人类很难到达的地方。比如挖矿,挖石油。。。

▸ Intelligent robots can be programmed to reach the Earth’s nadirs. They can be used to dig for fuels. They can be used for mining purposes. The intelligence of machines can be harnessed for exploring the depths of oceans. These machines can be of use in overcoming the limitations that humans have.

 

智能机器也可以代替人类从事很多费力的任务。

▸ Intelligent machines can replace human beings in many areas of work. Robots can do certain laborious tasks. Painstaking activities, which have long been carried out by humans can be taken over by the robots. Owing to the intelligence programmed in them, the machines can shoulder greater responsibilities and can be programmed to manage themselves.

 

我们现在人手一部的大哥大,sorry,是iphone, 也是运用了人工智能,虽然有时候Siri很傻,很好调戏,哈哈哈。。。。

▸ Smartphones are a great example of the application of artificial intelligence. In utilities like predicting what a user is going to type and correcting human errors in spelling, machine intelligence is at work. Applications like Siri that act as personal assistants, GPS and Maps applications that give users the best or the shortest routes to take as well as the traffic and time estimates to reach there, use artificial intelligence. Applications on phones or computers that predict user actions and also make recommendations that suit user choice, are applications of AI. Thus, we see that artificial intelligence has made daily life a lot easier.

 

AI也可以用来侦查欺诈行为。

▸ Fraud detection in smart card-based systems is possible with the use of AI. It is also employed by financial institutions and banks to organize and manage records.

 

有些机构用AI来替代人,可以节省人力成本,比如大家每次打电话去Commonwealth Bank,在三哥三姐开嗓之前,基本都是AI巴拉巴拉巴拉啦。。。。

▸ Organizations use avatars that are digital assistants who interact with the users, thus saving the need of human resources.

 

说完好处,咱们来唠唠坏处。

Cons

首先,机器坏了要修,要花钱吧。。。不过貌似人脑坏了,也要去精神病医院看哇,呵呵呵呵哒。。。。

▸ One of the main disadvantages of artificial intelligence is the cost incurred in the maintenance and repair. Programs need to be updated to suit the changing requirements, and machines need to be made smarter. In case of a breakdown, the cost of repair may be very high. Procedures to restore lost code or data may be time-consuming and costly.

 

对于人工智能,很多人的担忧是道德伦理的问题。试想一下,很多电影中的情节如果发生,整个社会被人工智能控制,那人类还需要吗???

▸ An important concern regarding the application of artificial intelligence is about ethics and moral values. Is it ethically correct to create replicas of human beings? Do our moral values allow us to recreate intelligence? Intelligence is a gift of nature. It may not be right to install it into a machine to make it work for our benefit.

 

 

如果上面讲的问题真的发生,那失业率应该会直线上升。

▸ If robots begin to replace humans in every field, it will eventually lead to unemployment. People will be left with nothing to do. So much empty time may result in its destructive use. Thinking machines will govern all the fields and populate the positions that humans occupy, leaving thousands of people jobless.

 

因为出现了人工智能,人类对它的依赖性增强,降低了人们处理多重任务的能力。

▸ Also, due to the reduced need to use their intelligence, lateral thinking and multitasking abilities of humans may diminish. With so much assistance from machines, if humans do not need to use their thinking abilities, these abilities will gradually decline. With the heavy application of artificial intelligence, humans may become overly dependent on machines, losing their mental capacities.

 

真正的大片出现了,如果机器不受控制,它可是什么事儿都做得出来的。。。杀!!!一个不留!!!

▸ If the control of machines goes in the wrong hands, it may cause destruction. Machines won’t think before acting. Thus, they may be programmed to do the wrong things, or for mass destruction.

 

人们最担心的问题还是机器是否能取代人类???

▸ Apart from all these cons of AI, there is a fear of robots superseding humans. Ideally, human beings should continue to be the masters of machines. However, if things turn the other way round, the world will turn into chaos. Intelligent machines may prove to be smarter than us, they might enslave us and start ruling the world.

 

最强折中总结段落,大家可以模仿一下!

It should be understood that artificial intelligence has several pros but it has its disadvantages as well. Its benefits and risks should be carefully weighed before employing it for human convenience. Or, in the greed to play God, man may destroy himself.

 

 

有这么多观点在手,大家就不怕考试时没有思路,或者写重了吧,哈哈哈哈,不用谢!!!

 

墨尔本雅思PTE原创,更多精彩请关注官网。

WENBO

文波老师一直致力于英语的教学研究工作。帮助英语学习者快速提高英语,帮助澳洲的学生快速考到PTE,雅思满意的分数是文波老师最大的心愿。

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